There are many reasons swelling can occur on the lower legs. But one of the signs of venous insufficiency is swelling around the ankles and calves. Healthy veins pump blood upward through muscle contractions in the lower limbs. These elastic veins contain tiny valves that maintain proper blood flow by keeping blood flowing in only one direction: back up to the heart. Venous insufficiency occurs when the valves in veins don’t properly close Instead, the blood pools or refluxes in the vein. This can lead to extravasation of fluid, creating the swelling you may be experiencing.

Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors that may cause swelling in the lower limbs include:

  • Prolonged standing or sitting
  • Family history of venous insufficiency
  • Obesity
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Leg injuries
  • Being female

While some of these risk factors can be overcome through activity such as exercise and a healthy diet, prolonged swelling in the lower extremities can progress to symptoms such as varicose veins, spider veins, lymphedema, and even dangerous blood clots.

Common Symptoms

Swelling due to venous insufficiency is a symptom all its own, but it is usually accompanied by other symptoms. Identifying these symptoms can give you and our doctors at Heart of Dixie insight into the source of the problem. These symptoms include:

  • Leg fatigue
  • Leg heaviness
  • Skin color changes (brown pigment at the ankles/calves)
  • Frequent muscle cramps
  • Burning or throbbing in the legs
  • Pain from prolonged standing or sitting

Treatment Options

While some of the treatments we provide for conditions such as spider veins and varicose veins are fairly straightforward, swelling could be a sign of something more serious, including heart failure or kidney and liver conditions. Sudden onset of swelling may be due to deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a condition caused by blood clots in the veins. Our comprehensive practitioners will seek to find the root of your leg swelling.

Just a few of the treatments we offer for swelling include:

  • VenaSeal Closure
  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Ultrasound Sclerotherapy

You can learn more about these procedures here.

Contact Heart of Dixie Today

Contact us at Heart of Dixie today to find the help you need to avoid venous insufficiency and the associated health risks that come with it, like swelling. We gladly serve patients for vein swelling in St. George, UT, and the surrounding area, as well as anyone who comes to seek relief from leg swelling, varicose veins, and other such conditions. You will only receive the friendliest service with us!

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