What You Need to Know About Perforator Veins

Inside the legs of the human body, there are two vein systems: the deep veins (located deep in the muscle) and the superficial vein system (located at a shallower depth closer to the skin). Placed irregularly throughout these two systems are what are called perforator veins, which run perpendicular to regular veins and connect the deep vein system with the superficial vein system, almost like a shortcut. These perforator veins have valves that allow blood to travel in between the deep and superficial veins of the legs.

When these perforator veins start malfunctioning, they can cause significant issues, including varicose veins. In these cases, Heart of Dixie Vein and Vascular Center can help restore your legs with professional vascular treatments.

What Causes Problems with Perforator Veins?

It’s important to understand that perforator veins are not bad in and of themselves; they’re a natural part of your biology, and you have around 150 of them in each of your legs. The problem arises when the valve in the perforator vein stops functioning properly or begins to allow the blood to flow backward. In these situations, blood will build up on one side of the perforator vein, causing pressure and insufficient blood flow.

When this happens often, it’s referred to as chronic venous insufficiency. There isn’t one clear cause of these faulty perforator veins that applies in every case, but risk factors include being

  • Female
  • Over 50 years of age
  • Obese
  • Pregnant
  • Physically inactive
  • A smoker

It’s also more likely when an individual has a family history of venous insufficiency, has deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in a deep vein), or regularly has to stand or sit for long periods.

Vein Problems Caused by Perforator Veins

When perforator veins begin to flow backward or malfunction in any other way, it places undue pressure on the veins in your legs. This in turn can cause the development of varicose veins, which are twisted and swollen. If this incompetency happens frequently over a long time, you may be diagnosed with chronic venous insufficiency, which can result in symptoms such as pain, aching, and fatigue, as well as discoloration, ulcers, or other changes to the skin.

Get the Best Care for Problematic Perforator Veins

If your perforator veins are giving you problems, or you suspect there may be an issue, don’t hesitate to reach out to Heart of Dixie Vein and Vascular Center. We’re experts in this area and can provide you with personalized care services to identify, diagnose, and treat any vein-related issue.

If you’re experiencing vein insufficiency, varicose veins, or any other vascular issue, Heart of Dixie Vein and Vascular Center can help. From our clinic in Southern Utah, our team of compassionate medical professionals serves patients from St. George, Cedar City, and the surrounding areas. We can help you find relief from pain and improve skin appearance with friendly, professional service. Contact us today.

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